The folowing (unrealistic) example shows all six ornaments in the same order as listed above. The stave below shows approximately how it should be played.
- Ornaments are "frills" or embellishments made on notes.
- An ornament is basically a historic shorthand method of indicating how a single note
can be made more interesting.
- Ornaments first started to be used at the beginning of the 17th century, but the
methods used to notate them varied quite a lot, and in some cases they were not
indicated at all, but just assumed.
- Their use became much less common towards the end of the 18th century, and the
notation for those that were used became reasonably standardised.
- Those which are seen in modern editions of works of this period
include (in no particular order):
- Trill - a rapid shake between an added note and the main note
- Mordent - a single movement from the main note then down or up then back to the main note
- Grace note or acciaccatura (pronouced atch-ack-a-too-ra) - a quick movement from an unaccented added note to the main note
- Appoggiatura (pronouced appog-a-too-ra) - a slower movement from an accented added note to the main note
- Arpeggio - a spread chord, so playing the notes of a chord rapidly after each other, usually starting at the bottom
- Turn - a quick movement around a note, usually up, down and up again
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